Anatomy of a diamond

Diamonds are known for their beauty and rarity, and they have been prized for centuries as symbols of love, power, and wealth. While many people are familiar with the 4 Cs of diamond grading (carat weight, color, clarity, and cut), fewer are aware of the detailed anatomy of a diamond. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the various components of a diamond, from the table and crown to the girdle and pavilion.

The Table

The table is the flat top surface of a diamond, and it is the largest facet on the stone. It is typically octagonal or square in shape and is responsible for the majority of the diamond's brilliance and sparkle.

The Crown

The crown is the top portion of the diamond that extends from the table to the girdle. It is made up of a series of smaller facets that reflect light and create the diamond's overall fire and brilliance.

The Girdle

The girdle is the outer edge of the diamond that separates the top (crown) from the bottom (pavilion). It is the widest part of the diamond and serves as a protective band that helps prevent chips and cracks.

The Pavilion

The pavilion is the bottom portion of the diamond that extends from the girdle to the pointed tip (culet). It is also made up of smaller facets that reflect light and create the diamond's overall brilliance and sparkle.

The Culet

The culet is the small, pointed tip at the bottom of the diamond's pavilion. It is typically very small or completely absent in modern diamonds, but it was more prominent in older diamond cuts.

The Facets

The facets are the small, flat surfaces on the diamond's crown and pavilion that reflect light and create its overall brilliance and fire. There are many different facet arrangements and combinations, depending on the diamond's cut and shape.
In conclusion, the anatomy of a diamond is a complex and fascinating subject. From the table and crown to the girdle and pavilion, each component plays an important role in creating a diamond's overall beauty and value. Understanding the anatomy of a diamond can help you appreciate the artistry and craftsmanship that goes into creating these precious stones, and it can also help you make informed decisions when purchasing diamonds.

While every diamond is different, all diamonds share the same structural features. These structural features are  the 'table', 'crown', 'girdle', 'pavilion' and 'cultet'. Click on the '+' to learn about each feature.


To learn more about diamonds head on over to our 'Learn About Diamonds' page.

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